BacalarSituated 38 km to the northeast of Chetumal, this town reunites distinct qualities that make it unique and for which it aspires to be named Pueblo Magico (Magical Town) by the Federal Tourism Secretary.It has a much larger history than is apparent. It was founded in 435 AD as the Mayan town of Siyancaan Bakhalal. After a fierce war of conquest on the peninsula of Yucatan, Don Gaspar Pacheco refunded it as the Salamanca of Bacalar Village in 1544. During his viceroyship, he lived under the constant threat of English pirates, who eventually were able to overpower him in 1652. Later on one of the main scenarios of the War of the Casts: in 1848 it fell into the hands of Mayan rebels; the next year the Creole government of Yucatan recuperated it. In 1858 the Cruzoob Mayans conquered it again and massacred all of its inhabitants. The rebels kept it within their power until 1901, when the federal government occupied it definitively.Although the town grew over the twentieth century in size and population, Bacalar still has a very pleasant town like atmosphere. The most ancient part of this settlement trends along the 307 federal freeway and the lagoon. In this area you will find the San Felipe Fort and a wide plaza at its back. One block toward the west is the San Joaquin Church, constructed mid XVI century, it still holds on to its original richness.Cenote Azul:Approximately 4km to the south of downtown Bacalar there is a beautiful sinkhole. You may reach it by way of the coastal road in Bacalar or by the 307 freeway. It is about 100 meters in diameter and is surrounded by a thick and deceiving vegetation because in actuality the lagoon begins a few more meters toward the west. Its name is extremely adequate; its dark blue color is due to the great depth of its waters which supersede 90 meters. The site, in spite of its inherent danger, is a magnet for dive lovers.Parque Ecoturistico Uchben Kah (Pedro Santos):This eco touristic park can be reached by Chacchoben, you must return to the 307 freeway, at the fork in the road you turn northeast ( left) and advance 3 km until reaching the town of Pedro Santos. There you will find this new Eco touristic Park that has operated since mid 2006. The park takes up about 90 hectares of the riviera north of Bacalar lagoon.