Experience

Ruins

Ruins
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CHACCHOBEN

Just 8 km north of Buenavista and 65 km from Mahahual, on highway 293, heading to Chunhuhub and Mérida. 8 km after this junction is the archaeological zone. Chacchoben was born around 200 BC.

Throughout the first millennium of the Christian era, an important construction boom took place that declined around the year 700. A couple of centuries later, the city was abandoned, and then partially repopulated in the years close to the Conquest. The remains of this city cover about 70 hectares.

The exploration of this site began in 1994. As there was no previous reference to the place, it was decided to give it the name of the ejido on whose lands it is located. In September 2002 the place was opened to the public. It can be visited from Monday to Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

DZIBANCHÉ

It is located 81 kilometers northwest of the city of Chetumal, the state capital. It is accessed by following federal highway 186 Chetumal-Escárcega. At kilometer 58 you must take the 14-kilometer deviation, which leads to the town of Morocoy; continue for 2 kilometers, on the road that goes to San Pedro Peralta and turn left at the point marked by the signs.

The 7-kilometer paved secondary road starts from this point and leads directly to the site. Apparently, this, more than an isolated Mayan city, was a kind of great “conurbation zone”, since there are several groups of large contemporary constructions within a circle of less than 6 km in diameter. year 200 BC

Some four or five centuries later, it began its great urban and social take-off that would reach its peak in the Mesoamerican Classic period. From the 11th century on, this city was abandoned.

Both areas have a visiting hours from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

KINICHNÁ

It is located 81 kilometers northwest of the city of Chetumal, the state capital. It is accessed by following federal highway 186 Chetumal-Escárcega.

At kilometer 58 you must take the 14-kilometer deviation, which leads to the town of Morocoy; continue for 2 kilometers, on the road that goes to San Pedro Peralta and turn left at the point marked by the signs.

Once the Dzibanche site is located, Kinichná is 2 kilometers away.

Kinichná, received its name from the archaeologist Thomas Gann from a stucco element with the representation of the kin glyph (sun or day), which is preserved on the back of the great Acropolis.

This complex is located 2 kilometers north of the main one and is distinguished by a monumental acropolis of three levels and various temples distributed with the characteristic tripartite arrangement of Early Classic architecture.

To date, the temples of three levels have been explored, and more recently the basement of the first level was intervened. Although some ancient looting was detected, inside these buildings important offerings and burials were recovered that document the symbolic and ritual importance of this architectural complex.

The acropolis of Kinichná is complemented by a series of low buildings around a square, which possibly functioned as platforms for minor temples, or as buildings with a residential function.

This temple preserves on its exterior remains of friezes made with stucco that show solar motifs. It was there that important offerings with jade objects were found.

The place is also spectacular. The grove that covers it contributes to accentuate this effect.

Open from Monday to Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. at a cost of 42 pesos

KOHUNLICH

Kohunlich is located 69 kilometers west of the city of Chetumal, capital of the State of Quintana Roo. It is reached through federal highway 186 Chetumal-Escárcega, and at kilometer 60 –which corresponds to the town of Francisco Villa-, you must take the 9-kilometer deviation that leads directly to the area, along a paved road.

It is a fascinating archaeological zone both for its history and for its aesthetic value and the natural beauty that frames it. It is estimated that it was born as a hamlet around 200 BC.

Over the centuries it gained power and grew in size. The city continued to grow during the Postclassic period, but by 1200 AD. There was a collapse not yet well explained, and Kohunlich was practically uninhabited. Although its existence had been known for many years, it was not until 1992 that excavations and rescue work began that allowed it to be opened to the public in 1994. To get there, you have to leave Chetumal and take federal highway 186. A 57 km from the state capital and 150 km from Mahahual is this place that is open every day from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. From Monday to Saturday from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm. Cost: $ 55.00 pesos.

# OXTANKAH

It is located 16 kilometers north of Chetumal. To get to the site, take the Chetumal-Calderitas road and from that town continue along the asphalt road that borders the bay; 4.5 kilometers to the north is the sign that marks the access to the area.

Oxtankah is the name given in 1937 by the archaeologist Alberto Escalona Ramos to an extensive pre-Hispanic settlement located north of the city of Chetumal.

It received this name from the large number of ramón trees (ox in Mayan) that surround the site, since the original name of the settlement is unknown.

It is the largest and most important pre-Hispanic site in the Bay of Chetumal; It has a very long constructive sequence and some researchers consider that it corresponds to the ancient Chactemal of the historical sources.

After this moment the city is abandoned, the old inhabitants no longer resided permanently in it and returned exclusively to carry out ritual ceremonies.

One of the archaeological materials on which the research is based are the ceramic fragments that were discarded during the daily lives of the city's inhabitants and that are found inside the soils on which they lived.

The amount of ceramic fragments obtained reflects a greater degree of activity during the Late Preclassic, Early Classic and Late Classic.

Open from Monday to Saturday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., at a cost of 42 pesos.